|About the Book|
Domenico Losurdo reconstructs the genesis of Heideggers philosophy in its historical context, analyzing the meaning and characteristics of the peculiar ideology of war developed in Germany at the outset of the First World War. In the 20th century,MoreDomenico Losurdo reconstructs the genesis of Heideggers philosophy in its historical context, analyzing the meaning and characteristics of the peculiar ideology of war developed in Germany at the outset of the First World War. In the 20th century, conflicts between states took the form for the first time of total war requiring the mobilization of an entire society. This all-pervasive ideological mobilization of consciences was associated at the purely military and industrial level in a form never seen before. On the one hand, among the allied nations the ideology of war centered on the principle of democratic intervention, the Wilsonian idea of a holy crusade able to subvert the eternally militarist and autocratic Germany and, in this way, favor a kind of great international democratic revolution. On the other hand, in a spiral of radicalization, the German ideology of war characterized the looming conflict as a great clash between irreconcilable civilizations, faiths, world-visions, and even races. Germans affirmed not only the superiority of their culture over the enemy countries, but above all the hypothesis of a political and social model that expelled from modernity every universalistic concept of emancipation and democratization.Moving within this milieu, Heideggers philosophy contested the cultural decadence and massification reigning in Western industrial society. In a sharp confrontation with the entire philosophical tradition starting from ancient Greece, he finally condemned the conceptual basis that is the foundation of the modern world as a form of degenerated Platonism in which liberal, revolutionary, and Marxist ideas, and even Nietzsches philosophy, were involved.Contrary to the majority of interpreters of Heideggers philosophy, Losurdo reconstructs Heideggers political dimension and shows the influence of historical and social forces on the development of his ideas.